Peroxidase-catalyzed covalent binding of the antitumor drug N2-methyl-9-hydroxyellipticinium to DNA in vitro.

Abstract

In the presence of DNA, the antitumor drug N2-methyl-9-hydroxyellipticinium (elliptinium; NMHE) [Le Pecq, J. B., Gosse, C., Dat-Xuong, N., & Paoletti, C. (1975) C. R. Seances Acad. Sci., Ser. D 281, 1365-1367] is oxidized by the horseradish peroxidase-hydrogen peroxide (HRP-H2O2) system to the quinone imine derivative N2-methyl-9-oxoellipticinium (NMOE) [Auclair, C., & Paoletti, C. (1981) J. Med. Chem. 24, 289-295], which interacts with DNA according to the intercalation mode. When excess H2O2 was used, the major part of the quinone imine was further oxidized to the o-quinone N2-methyl-9,10-dioxoellipticinium [Bernadou, J., Meunier, G., Paoletti, C., & Meunier, B. (1983) J. Med. Chem. 26, 574-579]. In the presence of stoichiometric amounts of H2O2 (H2O2/NMHE = 1), NMOE reacts with DNA, yielding a fluorescent compound irreversibly linked to the nucleic acid, which is related to the covalent binding of the ellipticinium chromophore. Under optimal reaction conditions, NMHE binding occurs according to a first-order process (k = 4.3 X 10(-3) min-1) with a linear increase with respect to drug to nucleotide ratio up to a maximum binding of 1 NMHE per 20 base pairs (r = 0.05). The fluorescence spectra (ex, 330 nm; em, 548 nm) of NMHE bound to DNA, the occurrence of energy transfer from the DNA to the drug, and the DNA length increase of the DNA-NMHE adduct suggest that the binding occurs at the intercalating site with limited denaturation of the DNA helix.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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